Wednesday, January 22, 2014
Monsanto's latest: better veggies?
Imagine what these guys would do if consumers had a clear, easy way of measuring nourishment outcomes: in the food and in themselves. They would follow the demand and create nourishing food instead of high sugar corn. Nutritional content and outcome is not the metric today; but it is coming, along with consumer devices to measure those. Read this highly informative article from Wired.
Monsanto’s gene chipper “maps the parts of a genome that might be associated with a given trait, even if that trait arises from multiple genes working in concert. Researchers identify and cross plants with traits they like and then run millions of samples from the hybrid—just bits of leaf, really—through a machine that can read more than 200,000 samples per week and map all the genes in a particular region of the plant’s chromosomes.
“They had more toys too. In 2006, Monsanto developed a machine called a seed chipper that quickly sorts and shaves off widely varying samples of soybean germplasm from seeds. The seed chipper lets researchers scan tiny genetic variations, just a single nucleotide, to figure out if they’ll result in plants with the traits they want—without having to take the time to let a seed grow into a plant. Monsanto computer models can actually predict inheritance patterns, meaning they can tell which desired traits will successfully be passed on. It’s breeding without breeding, plant sex in silico. In the real world, the odds of stacking 20 different characteristics into a single plant are one in 2 trillion. In nature, it can take a millennium. Monsanto can do it in just a few years. And this all happens without any genetic engineering. Nobody inserts a single gene into a single genome.”